From the bleak days of the 1928 influenza epidemic to the boom times of the late 1940s mining bonanza this period of time in northern history saw trapping and the fur trade – a way-of-life for generations of northerners – overtaken by mineral exploration and mining as a dominant force in the economy.

The discovery of radium and uranium on the east shore of Great Bear Lake; the hunt for the “Mad Trapper of Rat River”; the cry of “gold!” from the north shore of Great Slave Lake; and the wartime mega-project CANOL all contributed – more than any other time in northern history – to making the name Northwest Territories known to the world.